Smart buildings and cities of tomorrow: save energy, improve comfort and reduce pollution thanks IoT technologies.
A brief travel from early days to future speculations about how buildings will change thanks to new technologies. Living in a better environment has been the reason that pushed humans to always improve the conditions of the built environment since living in caves thousands of years ago… In the last centuries architects, engineers, urbanists, and experts in all sectors have been working in the pursue of perfect homes and cities, and technology has always been the driver of new speculations about the future.
But even if technology has improved tremendously, we have controlled temperature and the indoor environment pretty much in the same way since the beginning of time: using fire. Air conditioning, thermostats and distributed heating are only recent new inventions of the last century that allowed a better and more comfortable life.
What revolution is coming thanks to IoT technologies and what are the possibilities of using connected devices in controlling the built environment? And how this data can become open to other stakeholders, becoming part of what is defined as “open data”?
We will explore the opportunities and limits of IoT, of mathematical algorythms applied to heating and cooling systems, how to reduce pollution and how this data can be used by governments and organizations for more transparency. We will also speculate about the future use of NB-IoT, 5G, new protocols and new sources of data, and how all of this applied to homes and buildings will be shape our future, turning buildings in smart ones able to react to sudden changes thanks to sensing and actuating operations. This potential future is not too far ahead: we’ll share some real-time data with the audience, showing the existing applications that thanks to wise use of available data are able to improve buildings energy performance, saving energy and reducing pollution.
But what are the actual limits of this solutions? Energy in buildings is used by people, that behave differently in different parts of the world also according to culture, climate, customs and traditions… Therefore, a simple IoT solution cannot be totally substitutive of the human action and human interaction. Technology becomes then a fundamental hidden layer to empower people for a better life.
With an architectural background, Filippo Ferraris worked as architect, designer and project manager on many international projects that ranges from fashion stores and flagship-stores around the world together with the team of Sybarite (London, UK), all the way to a multi-million penthouse in Manhattan with the team of Steve Blatz Architects (New York, USA). Focusing more and more on how technologies could interact with human life, he worked at the project of the Future Food District for Expo 2015 with the team of Carlo Ratti Associati, developing numerous different solutions to empower users thanks to new technologies with the goal of a more sustainable future production, preparation and consumption of food.
In 2015 he co-founded Enerbrain, a start-up dedicated to reducing energy consumption in existing buildings, using mathematical algorithms and IoT sensors and actuators, with the ultimate goal to reduce pollution thanks to machine learning and simple to use products.
In Enerbrain he is mainly focused on the product development, to help customers to reduce over 30% in their energy bills and improve air quality in the buildings they own or manage.